Ultimate differences between Security token vs Utility token

Security Vs Utility tokens
Security Vs Utility tokens


In this modern era, blockchain technology has been an immaculate revolution among several different sectors. From the advent of blockchain technology, cryptocurrencies and crypto tokens have also become quite familiar among common people across the globe. This is mainly because the blockchain technology has been used as an online distributed ledger technology that is used for recording and tracking crypto transactions. Blockchain technology has been used in almost all places where digital currencies are involved.

Speaking of the cryptocurrencies’ impact in the financial sector, crowdfunding has also been revolutionized by virtual currencies on a large scale. Emerging entrepreneurs nowadays are making use of crypto crowdfunding for rising capital funds for their project development. These entrepreneurs give out crypto tokens in exchange for the investment received. These tokens can be used for experiencing some of the exclusive services offered by the company. The most common type of tokens offered by the fundraising company will come down to Security token vs Utility token. However, we will see in detail about the basics of Security vs Utility token. 

What are Security tokens?

Security tokens can be described as common digital assets whose values are derived mostly from an external asset. The security tokens are very much subjected to the local government’s regulations. It is absolutely necessary that security tokens are designed to comply with these regulations. In case if the created tokens are not created within those regulations, then severe penalties would be imposed upon the development of the project. 

Security tokens depict assets which are considered as participations in real physical underlying revenue streams, ventures and they are entitled to interest dividends. When talking in terms of economic function, the Security tokens are the same as bonds, derivatives and also equities. Security tokens are basically created for increasing the trust of the investors. They are used for authenticating identities digitally through storing personal information. Security tokens can also be used as an alternative for a password for proving an owner’s identity.

How does Security tokens work?

Security Token Offering is a quite popular method among entrepreneurs to distribute tokens to the investors which is more or less similar to an ICO. Security tokens share the same trait in terms of gains, interest paying, dividend settlement and investing in versatile properties. Security tokens are vastly subjected to capital as well as financial market legislation which is held by the SEC itself. This mainly because they offer multiple privileges and perform very tightly with other financial institutions.

Security tokens are commonly known for their pace and reliability over blockchain technologies. However, they also have the advantage of quite tight gripped government legislative regulations which prohibits any and all sorts of malicious activities. As far as the working part is concerned, if there is an expectation of benefitting one token from the actions of another, the subject token is regarded as a defense. 

The entities entering into the crowdfunding would have to submit the investment contracts way earlier to their crowdfund offering(STO). Moreover, the submitted contracts should reflect the possession of a digital asset which is similar to a financial instrument in a lawful manner. Having said all these, the creation of security tokens will involve some kind of technical nuances.

How are Security tokens created?

Security token creation is pretty much straightforward since there is an involvement of local authorities. In that regard, security tokens are most commonly created in two very popular ways. They are:

Asset tokenization: This is the process where a traditional or conventional financially bound asset which does not exist on a blockchain is represented virtually through tokenizing. An ideal example for that would be the establishment of a real-estate agency which has created virtual tokens for representing shares or properties digitally. 

Asset origination: This would be very appropriate for financial assets which already have an on-chain presence. For that type of financial assets tokens can be created using asset origination. As such created assets are commonly referred to as “natively digital securities”. These natively digital securities can be created through mining or staking, depending upon the underlying blockchain technology. 

The above mentioned are the way through which Security tokens are created. Even though there are abundance of security protections offered in security tokens, there is some volume of demand for utility tokens also. Let us see about that in a detailed manner. 

What are Utility tokens?

Utility tokens can be deemed as application coins or as user tokens. This type of tokens are normally given out in the process of crowdfunding as a project is on its way to execute an Initial coin offering(ICO). When a company sets off to create a utility token, it is very clear that the company is creating a unique form of digital giveaway coupons which are redeemable in the future. These created coupons will be available at a discounted fee or through special access to a product or service. 

As opposed to security tokens, utility tokens are not widely used for investment purposes because they can be exempted from certain federal regulations. These regulations are nothing but governing securities when they are properly set up. Utility tokens are an excellent option for gaining substantial profits and acquiring finances for freshly developing projects. 

Roles of Utility tokens:

Utility tokens became quite popular with the rise of Initial Coin Offering and this is mainly because of overwhelming use of the utility token mechanisms in numerous scenarios. Some of the vital roles played by utility tokens in the world of crowdfunding are:

  • The owner of the utility token has numerous rights that also includes the right to utilize a product or even to own one. In addition to that, utility tokens provide the owner with the right to pitch or even vote for specific cases as well as topics.
  • Possession of utility tokens will provide the owner with the advantage of exercising decentralized storage. These tokens also provide the exchange value for the services which they provide. 
  • Utility tokens tend to improve the user experience through providing rewards for numerous things.
  • Utility tokens, at times, act as a digital currency in the blockchain. In addition to that, it can be a fitting alternative for financial payments in the forthcoming years. 
  • Utility tokens provide the users with the possibility of sharing them in exchange for earning some peculiar rewards.
  • The users who are often using the tolling system can enter the blockchain ecosystem or even the decentralized services by using utility tokens.

The above mentioned are some of the key roles played by the Utility tokens. They are capable of performing very efficiently in several circumstances. Having seen the basics of Utility and security tokens, let us further discuss the major differences between the two established tokens.

Security tokens Vs Utility tokens:

When it comes to the fundamental or basic differences between Security token vs Utility token, both the token types can be distinguished by a substantial amount of differences. Let us examine them in a detailed manner. 

Utility token Security token
A basic Utility token is never pegged with any type of external asset or a real time asset.  Security token is entirely referred to or pegged with important assets like commodities, bonds, real estates, etc. 
Utility tokens are mostly developed under an existing blockchain like Tron, ethereum, Binance smart chain, etc.  Security tokens are also mostly developed under an existing blockchain, but in addition to that, it must also adhere to the SEC regulations as well as guidelines.
Utility tokens serve as a unique utility like utilization over a platform for redeeming a service. Security tokens represent investment contracts obliging to legal ownership of virtual assets which have been verified within blockchain.
The values of utility tokens do not relate to the present status of the company valuation. In security tokens, the token value directly correlates with the company value upon which the tokens are issued.
The lack of regulation makes it prone to cyber threats. The chance of malicious activities are very minimal as the tokens are secured with a considerable amount of regulations.
Currently, the regulation of the crypto tokens provides very little consensus.  The potential investors as well as the company have to obey entirely with the Howey test.
Utility tokens have infinite access to utility as well as protocols. Security tokens provide ownership assets.
Utility tokens do not guarantee sufficient profits for buyers. Security tokens generally come with a substantial amount of profit expectation.

Aftermath of the comparison of Security vs Utility token, you might have come to a clarity about the basic working and understanding of these two tokens. In addition to developing a suitable token for your business, it is also very important to hand over the reins to the fitting token development service provider. 

Final thoughts:

From the above furnished information, we have learned about the basic as well as the ultimate differences between the two classes of common tokens, Utility tokens and Security tokens. Both these token standards are widely used among the crowdfunding campaigns. However, the specified use cases bring a telling difference in both these token standards. 

Having said all these, creating either of these token standards would require a substantial amount of software skills if you wish to pull it off perfectly. In that regard, if you want to accomplish the creation part in a seamless manner, seeking professional guidance would be the ideal option. We, at Zab technologies, offer token creation service of all kinds. We are a team of elite software professionals who are working as a STO development company. Our immaculate track record and clients review are the telling example of our stellar work over the years. Having us in your corner would provide you with a technical edge over your competitors.

About the author


I have started my career with Search Engine Optimisation and slowly concentrated on creative part as well. Now I'm working with a leading Blockchain Development Company in India - Zab Technologies

By Steve

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